John J. Becker

Biography: 

(b. Henderson, Ky., January 22, 1886; d. Wilmette, Ill., January 21, 1961) was an American composer, often grouped with Charles Ives, Carl Ruggles, Henry Cowell, and Wallingford Riegger as "The American Five" of "ultra-modern" music.

Becker was closely befriended with Ives, who entrusted to him the orchestration of his enormous visionary song, General William Booth Enters into Heaven. He belongs to the ‘American Five’ of early modernism – but his music has remained the least known. He taught at Barat College on Lake Michigan.

from NYPL Archives website:

Becker is known as leader of an ultramodern, arguably dissonant, distinctly American style of music that broke away from European styles of composition. Along with the other four of the “American Five” (Charles Ives, Henry Cowell, Carl Ruggles, and Wallingford Riegger) he shattered preconceived notions of composition, employing difficult techniques of counterpoint and harmony. Becker wrote seven symphonies, as well as concertos, orchestral suites, songs, and choral works (especially religious works). In Musicalia (ca.1931), Henry Cowell explains that Becker “bases his style on the art of the great early vocal polyphonists of the Catholic Church - Palestrina, Vittoria, etc.”. He named many works “soundpieces”, a literal English translation of the word “sonatas” - which gives an indication of the principles on which he based his work. Among his notable works, A Marriage with Space (1935) is often cited as most representative of his ideas of new forms for the stage by incorporating sound, light, dance, and poetry. He was honored late in his career (1958) when his Symphonia Brevis (written in 1930-1931) was performed at Carnegie Hall as part of Bernstein’s series on important American composers. John J. Becker died on January 21, 1961, one day before his 75th birthday.

 

 

 

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ACE Publications

1 CONCERTO ARABESQUE (Piano and small orchestra_ (1930)
Piano solo; fl, ob, cl, bsn, cbsn, hn, tpt, 5-pt strings

2 CONCERTO FOR HORN & ORCH (1933)
horn & orch:2-2-2-2, 0-2-0-0-,TIMP, str

3 CONCERTO FOR VIOLA & ORCH (1937)
vla solo, 2222, 2200, timp, vln 1, vln2, vlc, cb

4 FOUR MODERN DANCES (1953)
pf

5 FOUR POEMS FROM THE JAPANESE (1933)
Sop, or Ten, pf

6 INDIAN HYMN (1922)
2222 2200 timp, strings

8 MISSA SYMPHONICA (1933)
male choir TTBB

9 MOCKERY (1935)
2 alto saxes/cl, 2 tpt, banjo, bass, drums, piano, tbn, tenor sax, violin I-II

10 MOMENTS FROM THE LITURGICAL YEAR (1948)
solo speaker; speaking chorus; chorus; soloist

11 MONODRAMA 1 (1951)
Tenor, pf

12 NUNC, SANCTI, NOBIS, SPIRITUS (1948)
satb, a cap

13 OUT OF THE CRADLE ENDLESSLY ROCKING (1929)
Narrator, S, T, satb ,orch 2-2-2-2; 4-2-0-0, timp, str

14 THE POOL (1924)
ssa, piano

15 PSALMS OF LOVE (1935)
med voice, org

16 RAIN DOWN DEATH (1939)
1-1-1-1,1-1-0-0, timp, perc, pf, str

17 SATIRICO (PIANO CONCERTO No. 2) (1938)
2-2-2-2, 4-2-2-0, timp, perc(2), str

18 SOUNDPIECE NO 1-B (1932)
pf, string orchestra

19 SOUNDPIECE NO 7 (1949)
2 pianos

20 SYMPHONIC MOVEMENT (AMERICANA) (1922)
2+pic-2+eh-2+bscl-3+cbsn 4-2+2+btbn-1 timp, pf, harm, strings

21 SYMPHONY 6, Out of Bondage (1942)
nar, chorus & orch:2-2-2-3-cbsn, 4-2-3-1, timp,perc,str
ACA has parts only

24 TWO POEMS OF DEPARTURE (1927)
medium-high voice, piano

25 VICTORY MARCH (1942)
3223 4231 perc, timp, pf, strings
large orch

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