Symphony of Drones No. 1


Year Authored (or revised): 


Instrumentation : 

variable instruments, or: flute, saxophone, violin, piano/accordion, percussion, and vocalist

Duration (min): 


Symphony of Drones #1 (2001) is a symphony in the most literal meaning of the word, a collection of sounds, in this case, those centered around a drone mentality. It is a conducted, graphically notated piece designed for any collection of four or more pitched instruments. It is in a three -movement form, and each movement addresses various indeterminate and structured improvisational concepts that explore textures that ornament, enhance and disrupt a fused and continuous ensemble timbre.

Ensemble Type: 

mixed instrumental ens 6 to 15 players
variable inst or undefined

"The work’s title is appropriate in the sense that each of its movements is built on a steady underlying pitch or chord. But it is also misleading: anyone lulled into expecting a proto-Minimalist meditation would have been startled by the wild, amusingly cacophonous outbursts that drive the piece." 

                               -- Allan Kozinn, The New York Times

Listening Sample: 

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