Abyss of Time for Percussion Ensemble, Harmonium, Piano, and Video

Abyss of Time for Percussion Ensemble, Harmonium, Piano, and Video

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Scoring & Instrumentation
12 Percussion, Harmonium, Piano (2 Players), and Video
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Composer's Note:

I had taken photographs of old growth trees and rock formations in the United States and China.  My proposal to visual artist, Rita Blitt, was for her to respond to these images by creating an animated video incorporating her drawings and paintings (with or without the inclusion of the photographs).   I would then compose music in response to Rita’s video. 

When viewing Rita’s first seven minute draft, I was profoundly moved by the pacing of the images and asked Rita if she would be willing to consider expanding the video’s length, and she agreed.  In viewing the completed twenty-four minute video, I realized that what I had been documenting in my photographs was the symbiosis of  “geologic time” and the “temporalness of life”.  Rita, without premeditated intent, had captured the essence of what I had been fascinated with since the inception of the project.  Rita’s animated images further elicited responses within me, which provided the impetus for the music.

The first orchestration of the music for a Chinese Chamber Orchestra of traditional Chinese wind and string instruments with six percussionists was premiered at the Shenyang International Percussion Festival May, 17 2013.   Tonight’s percussion ensemble orchestration of the work was written at the request of my long time friend, Jonathan Haas.  I have also orchestrated versions of this collaborative work for orchestra, wind ensemble, and a version for percussion ensemble with the pre-recorded Chinese Chamber Orchestra playback.

Rita elected to include the following photographs in Abyss of Time: the 1200 year-old Qing Dynasty Dragon Tree and massive stones at Empress Dowager Cixi's summer palace and images of rock formations and trees from Rocky Mountain National Park, the San Rafael Swell, Mono Lake and the Na'pali Coast.

As a postscript to the above thoughts and as an outgrowth of this collaborative work, I have been even more focused on the devastating impact that human beings are having on the Earth's ecosystem that has caused the world scientific community to contemplate if  the Earth has entered a new Epoch, the Anthropocene.

The music to Abyss of Time is dedicated to Lu Quinshan and to Rita Blitt.  When first meeting Lu Quinshan in Shenyang many years ago, looking into his eyes, I felt I was

connecting with a human being of deep compassion, wisdom and sensitivity.   I feel a similar connection with Rita Blitt.  While composing the music for Abyss of Time, there was a special place in my heart and in my mind for these dear friends and extraordinary individuals.           


Performance Notes/Percussion Needed:

This score may be played live with or without the pre-recorded CD* version of the Chinese woodwind and string
instruments. It is also possible to freely substitute the indicated Chinese traditional instruments with other
Chinese wind and string instruments. Furthermore, it is also possible to substitute traditional Japanese, Korean
or other traditional instruments that seem appropriate for the intent of the music.

* Right Channel: Audience playback full track mono.
Left Channel: Click-track - playback only in the left headphone of the conductor.
Right headphone may include or exclude the pre-recorded music on the Right Channel.

Percussion [pitched instrument indicate notated ranges]

1. Chimes (C4 - G5), Xylophone (F3 - C7), Glockenspiel (G3 - C5), 3 Peking Opera Gongs.
Mallets: 2 xylophone, 2 rawhide chime, 2 medium-hard rubber glockenspiel, 2 medium-hard wrapped for opera gongs.

2. Crotales (2 octaves C4 - C6).
Mallets: 2 hard, 2 medium-hard.

3. Vibraphone.
Mallets: 2 bows, 4 medium hard warpped, 2 small finger cymbals, 2 hard wrapped.

4. Highest Piccolo Woodblock, Marimba (C3 - C8) - shared with Player 6 & 5.
Mallets: 2 soft marimba mallets, 2 small wooden for woodblocks.

5. 4 Paigu (suitable substitute: 2 tumbas, conga, quinto), Large Chau Tam Tam, Flat Thick 16" Gong, Medium Wind Gong, Marimba (C3 - C8) - shared with Player 6 & 4.
Mallets: soft tam tam, 2 medium-soft gong, thin grooved metal rod.

6. Dagu (suitable substitute: large Daiko or Bok - concept is big drum thick heads), Marimba (C3 - C8) - shared with Player 4 & 5, 2 Piccolo Woodblocks (lower than Player 4).
Mallets: 2 small wooden for woodblocks, 2 heavy soft marimba, 2 medium marimba, 4 soft marimba.

7. Glockenspiel (3 octaves C - C), Tuned Button Gongs (C3-C4 ), Song Bells, Angklung (B3, E4, F#4, Ab4)
Note: this part may be divided and performed by two players.
Mallets: Glock: 2 medium-hard rubber, 2 medium rubber. Gongs: as appropriate for size of gongs.

8. Xylophone (3.4 octaves F - C) - shared with Player 9, Handbells (Ab3 below Middle C4 chromatically up to A5) - shared with Player 9,
Mallets: 2 rattle mallets, 2 medium-hard cord, 2 medium-hard rubber.

9. Xylophone (3.4 octaves F - C) - shared with Player 8, Handbells (Ab3 below Middle C4 chromatically up to A5)- shared with Player 8,
Mallets: 2 rasping sticks, 2 Hawaiian Puili sticks*, 2 rattle mallets.

10. Vibraphone (3 octave F - F), Timpani-muted,
Mallets: 2 bows, 2 medium yarn, 2 medium cord, 2 rattle mallets.

11. Almglocken (F#3 - C6) - Hanging for maximum resonance.
Mallets: 2 soft yarn, 2 rattle mallets, 2 medium yarn, 2 medium cord, 2 large medium-soft yarn.

12. Marimba (5 octave C2 -C7)
Mallets: 4 soft yarn, 2 rasping sticks, 2 Hawaiian Puili sticks*, 2 rattle mallets, 2 medium yarn,
2 soft heavy yarn, 2 heavy medium-hard yarn.


Piano (2 players: A. & B.)* [lid off if possible]
Mallets: A. two 1" diameter brass mallet, 2 large coins or plectrum to pluck strings, a heavy rubber mat
to lay on soprano strings to create a damped muted sound as if a piano tuner's rubber mute
is wedged between the strings. Size of mat is determined by the distance (side to side) of
the particular keyboard being used.
B. two 1" diameter brass mallets.
*ossia: optional part for 1 pianist and amplified monochord

First Perfomance
2015, Frederick Loewe Theatre, NYU Percussion Ensemble, Jonathan Haas, Director.


Text Language - Non English


Text Source/Author


Title Number
Ensemble Type
duo or ensemble+audio playback
percussion featured
multimedia/video or image projection
piano , Percussion , video
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$51.50 full score
Score includes link to video download.
Contact [email protected] for inquiries into part purchase or rental.